2021-05-31 14:40:16·来源:网络

古玩城2021精品推荐第二期:福建官局造光绪元宝每枚当钱十文

光绪三十一年(公元1905年),福建铜元东局(即福建海闽关铜币局)成立,七月开机铸造,到年底即关停,因开铸时间短,且前期机器落后,操作不熟练,所以铸量不多,品种单一,仅有十文铜币。由于龙面设计比较突出,造成一般流通品相磨损严重。

In 1905, Fujian Tongyuan East Bureau was established. It started casting in July and closed down at the end of the year. Due to the short casting time, backward machinery and unskilled operation in the early stage, the casting quantity was not much, and the variety was single, with only ten Wen copper coins. Due to the prominent design of the dragon face, the general circulation products are seriously worn.

福建官局造光绪元宝每枚当钱十文;福建是继广东省局之后,较早开始铸造铜元的省份之一,不仅采用了和广东一样先进的设备、技术和币模,同时还更具特色。钱币正面珠圈内镌汉文和满文“光绪元宝”字样,珠圈外上端铸“福建官局造”五字,下镌“每枚当钱十文”六字,两旁镌闽关二字,钱币背面蟠龙居中,龙纹极其精美,龙鳞细腻优美,线条棱角分明,纹理清晰流畅,图案层次感强。铜质精良,形制规整;币面包浆自然细腻;保存完好;字体清晰清秀,难得一见的收藏佳品。

The Guangxu Yuanbao made by Fujian government bureau is ten Wen each; Fujian is one of the provinces that started casting copper coins earlier after Guangdong Provincial Bureau. It not only adopted the same advanced equipment, technology and coin mold as Guangdong, but also had more characteristics. On the front of the coin, the words "Guangxu Yuanbao" in Chinese and Manchu are engraved inside the bead circle. On the top of the bead circle, the five characters "made by Fujian government bureau" are engraved, the six characters "ten characters for each coin" are engraved below, and the two characters "minguan" are engraved on both sides. On the back of the coin, the flat dragon is in the middle. The dragon pattern is extremely exquisite, the dragon scale is exquisite, the lines are angular, the texture is clear and smooth, and the pattern has a strong sense of hierarchy. The copper is fine in quality and regular in shape; Coin bread paste is natural and delicate; It is well preserved; The font is clear and beautiful, which is a rare collection.

光绪年间福建省所需机制钱币均由广东省供应,因路途遥远,往返费时,运汇费用多,劳民伤财。福建都督准商人孙利用集股购机,就在福建当地试铸。后来户部令,不准商人附搭股本或自行铸造。后拟委派福建籍浙江候补知县孙葆办理,由善后局、盐道筹款续铸。后因局库支绌,无款拨给而作罢。于光绪二十六年(1900年),委藩司张曾督办局务,办理机器厂房、物料等事宜。其鼓铸费用均由该司、道设法筹款。铸成后发行流通。福建省官方自接办后改为“福建银元局”。往后所铸机制币,其币上端均书“福建官局造”,与他省截然不同。

During the reign of Emperor Guangxu, the machine-made coins needed by Fujian Province were all supplied by Guangdong Province. Because of the long journey, the round trip cost time, the transportation cost was too much, and it was a waste of money. Sun, the quasi businessman of Fujian governor, made use of the stock market to buy the machine and tried to cast it in Fujian. Later, the Ministry of the people's Republic of China ordered that businessmen were not allowed to attach capital stock or cast their own stocks. Later, sun Bao, the alternate magistrate of Zhejiang Province, who was born in Fujian Province, was appointed to handle the case, and the aftermath Bureau and Yandao raised funds to continue the casting. Later, because the Bureau and the Treasury were in short supply and had no money to allocate, they gave up. In the 26th year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu (1900), Zhang zengsi, a vassal, was appointed to supervise the administration of machinery plants and materials. The cost of the casting was raised by the Department and Tao. After casting, it will be issued and circulated. After the Fujian provincial government took over, it was changed to "Fujian Yinyuan bureau". Later, the coinage was made by the official bureau of Fujian Province, which was quite different from other provinces.

 

福建官局造铜币是中国所有龙洋图案钱币中,工艺最精湛,雕工最完美,浮雕感最强烈的品种,镜面平整光滑,纹饰的相贯线显得非常清晰,该系列钱币铸造精美,字口、纹路和边齿深峻,完全是国外铸造的样币风格,具有鲜明的历史特色。

Among all the coins with Longyang pattern in China, Fujian Guanju copper coin has the most exquisite craftsmanship, the most perfect carving and the strongest sense of relief. The mirror is flat and smooth, and the lines of patterns are very clear. The series of coins are exquisitely cast, with deep mouth, lines and teeth. They are completely the style of sample coins cast abroad and have distinctive historical characteristics.

 

 

 

 

 

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