[collection name]: Sun Yat Sen Sanfan silver coins in the 18th year of the Republic of China
[collection type]: porcelain
[collection introduction]: in March 1927, the national revolutionary army conquered Nanjing in the northern expedition. After the capital was announced in April, the national government actively planned to issue new national coins with the portrait of Sun Yat Sen as the pattern. The central bank entrusted the then famous chief sculptor of the Vienna mint to carve the mold, and the Nanjing Mint tried to cast "a circle of Sun Xiang Zhongshan cemetery", but the result was not satisfactory. In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), the national government proposed to design new national coins to replace the long-standing silver coins of Yuan Shikai and Sun Yat sen in commemoration of the founding of the Republic of China. It decided to use the head of Dr. Sun Yat Sen as the pattern of Chinese silver dollars to commemorate the "National Father". In the 18th year of the Republic of China, Sun Yat Sen's Sanfan silver coin came into being, with profound historical heritage, which is the real physical evidence of the historical period and has great historical research value. Sun Yat Sen's three sails and one round in the 18th year of the Republic of China is one of the top ten reputable products in modern Chinese mechanism coins and a rare treasure in Chinese silver coins.
此件中华民国十八年孙中山三帆银币 直径：39.6mm; 重约:21.6g。是中国近代机制币中的十大名誉品之一，它之所以名气大是由于他的历史性和珍稀性决定的。品相完好如新，色泽均一，明亮照人，纹饰清晰，币面干净，包浆圆润，锈色古旧，有着极高的艺术观赏价值。孙中山着中山装正面肖像，肖像上环镌“中华民国十八年”，五官刻画精致，人物精神饱满，纹饰线条流畅，头发、胡须、衣纹等细节刻画精细，工艺极为精湛。银币背面镌三帆船航海图，左右两侧分镌币值“壹元”直线边齿。 民国十八年（1929年），国民政府委托美国、意大利、英国、日本、奥地利等五国雕刻钢模，此银元存世量极少，流通量少所以存世极罕，有极高的历史价值与学术价值。
This silver coin of Sun Yat Sen's Sanfan in the 18th year of the Republic of China has a diameter of 39.6mm; Weight: about 21.6g. It is one of the top ten reputable coins in modern China. Its popularity is determined by its historicity and rarity. The appearance is as good as new, the color is uniform, bright, the decoration is clear, the coin surface is clean, the pulp is round, and the rust color is old. It has high artistic appreciation value. Sun Yat Sen wears a positive portrait of Zhongshan suit, with "the 18th year of the Republic of China" engraved on the upper ring. The facial features are exquisite, the characters are full of spirit, the decorative lines are smooth, and the details such as hair, beard and clothing patterns are fine, with extremely exquisite workmanship. The back of the silver coin is engraved with three sailing charts, and the left and right sides are engraved with "one yuan" linear side teeth. In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), the national government entrusted the United States, Italy, Britain, Japan, Austria and other five countries to carve steel molds. This silver dollar has very little existence and circulation, so it is very rare and has high historical and academic value.
In the following ten years, the national government carved and tried to cast the "Sun statue" silver coins for many times, including those who stopped after the trial casting, as well as those who issued and circulated in large quantities. During this period, the carving, trial casting, issuance and circulation of "Sun Xiang" silver coins can be roughly divided into three stages: Sun Xiang San fan one yuan sample coin in the 18th year of the Republic of China, annuity standard silver yuan in the 21st year of the Republic of China, and Chuanyang in the 22nd year of the Republic of China. I was lucky to see Sun Yat Sen's Sanfan coin of one yuan. In the center of the silver coin, Sun Yat Sen is engraved with a positive portrait of Zhongshan suit. The upper ring of the portrait is engraved with "the 18th year of the Republic of China", the back of the silver coin is engraved with three sailing charts, and the currency value of "one yuan" is engraved on the left and right sides. In the 18th year of the Republic of China, one yuan of Sun Yat Sen's profile image carrying three sailboats was circulating all over the country during the Old Republic of China, but one yuan silver coin of Sun Yat Sen's frontal image carrying three sailboats is extremely rare and is a rare collection. Sun Yat Sen's three sails and one round in the 18th year of the Republic of China is one of the top ten reputable products in modern Chinese mechanism coins and a rare treasure in Chinese silver coins. Therefore, its market price is relatively high and has extremely precious collection value